Exercise and Physical Fitness


Physical fitness refers to a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in everyday life. Exercising is a key component in developing and maintaining overall health and well-being.

Possible benefits from regular physical activity include:

  • weight loss,
  • heightened mood,
  • improved sleep,
  • increase in energy,
  • disease prevention,
  • increased self-esteem and body image,
  • increased stamina, flexibility, and balance,
  • and better brain functioning.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, average American adults need at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity per week (about 20 minutes per day) and muscle strengthening activities on at least 2 days per week. Here are some ways to incorporate physical activity into your daily routine:


  • walking,
  • jogging/running,
  • swimming laps,
  • bike riding,
  • playing tennis, basketball, soccer, or other sports that involve constant movement

Muscle Strengthening:

  • lifting weights,
  • working with resistance bands,
  • yoga/pilates,
  • doing exercises that use your body weight for resistance (push-ups, sit-ups, lunges)

Exercise doesn’t always have to happen at a fancy gym with fancy equipment. Below is a list of resources that provide more information about the benefits of exercise and  ways to get exercise every day.

Last Updated: 5/09/2011